بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In this chapter, the Muslims continue to suffer, and the Prophet continues to invite people to Islam while bringing them with clear proofs. At some point, the Prophet allows the Muslims to move to Abyssinia, where they will find safety under the fair king’s rule.
Some interesting things I learned from this chapter:
- Utbah ibn Rabiah, the clan chief, was really touched when hearing the Quraan, specifically 41:1-10. He was later convinced by his fellows, that he had been bewitched. This tells us about the power in the Quraan, even to the ears of non-believers.
- The word Jihad first appeared in the Quraan as making jihad through the Quraan against the ill-treatment of the disbelievers.
- Due to the intense suffering of the Muslims, they came to the Prophet at some point and asked him to ask God to stop the suffering. He reminded them that before them came people who suffered more. They had to learn to associate trust in God with pain.
- The Qurayshians sent a delegation to the Jews of Yathrib to ask them how to deal with the Prophet. The rabbis suggested asking the Prophet 3 questions: about the people of the cave, about a great traveler who had reached the confines of the universe and about the soul. The Prophet answered all their questions, of course, but after a while since he forgot to say in sha Allah. The Prophet learned that God only has power over everything.
- The Hijra to Abyssinia took place after 5 years from the beginning of revelation. Not the most vulnerable Muslims were the ones to leave. To attain the Muslims back, Quraysh sent Amr ibn alAs and Abdullah ibn Rabiah to convince the Negus to let the Muslims leave his land. Defending the Muslims, spoke Jafar ibn Abi Talib who told Negus about what Muslims think of Jesus.
- During later years, the Negus converted to Islam and when he died, the prophet prayed salat el ghaib (instead of salat el Janaza because he was far away from the funeral).
To those who sneer, insult, and humiliate, to those who attack, torture, and kill, to those who want miracles and proofs, the Prophet invariably answers with the weapon and shield of the Quraan, which in itself constitutes, as we have seen, the miracles and the proof.